Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Gumla Vikas Bharti is situated in Bishunpur block of Gumla district on Southwestern part of Chotanagpur Plateau region in Jharkhand. It is bounded on North by Lohardaga, South by Simdega, East by Ranchi and West by Chhatishgarh.
The geographical area of this district is 5,31,398.13 hectare which is 6.67% of the total area of Jharkhand state. It is situated between latitude 230 40’ and longitude 84050’.
The topography of the region in general is undulating and rugged. The plateau region has been deeply cut by the peninsular rivers, forming intermontane vally. The average altitude of the district is 758 m above MSL. The relative elevation of intermontane vally ranges from 450-600 m above MSL. The district is drained by the rivers south Koel, Sankh, North Koel and its different tributaries.
Geographically the District is predominantly by Chhotanagpur granite gneises of Archean Age, which form the basement rock in the area. Mica, Schist, Phyllites also occur as comfortable bands with the gneises and schists. The tertiary laterites occur in the area over topographic highs or uplands. Recent alluvial sediments are found to occur as river terrace deposits along the bank of river.